April 11, 2022

Rodent-Wrecking Dog Breeds

Rodent-Wrecking Dog Breeds

One of the oldest roles dogs have played in the service of humans is the extermination of rats and mice, which are not only dangerous pests but also carry many infectious diseases. Rodent hunting dog breeds are everywhere where there are rodents, and they fight with their countless hordes day and night. That’s why these dogs are held in high esteem by humans and the most skilful ones became a matter of great pride for their owners.

Historical reference

Why do we need dogs breeds for rodent control, if for all time this function was fulfilled by cats? But this is not quite true – the history of rodent hunting dog breeds dates back to the Middle Ages, and cats in those years were considered assistants of the dark forces and were not very popular among people. That is why for centuries, catching mice and rats was mostly the privilege of specialized dog breeds, especially in the countries of the Old World.

Dogs were kept on farms, granaries, the sides of merchant ships, where dogs penetrated into the narrowest crevices, killing rats as well as cats. In those years even a widespread quite bloody sport. It consisted in the fact that thousands of rats were driven into the arena and then released dogs and made bets on how long it would take a dog to kill all the rodents. Some of the animals showed themselves as the real record holders – especially flexible and swift dogs catching up to 15 rats in one minute!

What properties should have the best dog breeds for rodent control?

First and foremost, these animals are characterized by innate courage and excitement for pursuing prey – so strong that it exceeds feelings of self-preservation and fear when corralling. Dogs have excellent hearing, thanks to which they can hear the slightest rustle made by rodents. In this case, the dog must have a small but very strong, flexible body, strong jaws and triangular head – its structure should allow not only to dispose of the rodent, but also to quickly catch prey and penetrate into the narrowest holes, where rats are hiding.

Nowadays, many dog breeds for rodent control are breed as companion dogs, they are distinguished by loyalty and devotion to their owners, become good playmates for kids and get on well with other pets, especially cats, because they can be rightfully called colleagues. But you should not keep such animals under one roof with hamsters, chinchillas and decorative rats – their hunting instincts will be evident and the dog will be unstoppable in the pursuit of the enemy.


There are quite a few rodent hunting dog breeds. Let’s focus on the most popular of them.

  • Rat Terrier. This German dog is a true master at catching rodents. Funny, diminutive and stocky animals were at one time specially created to protect London subway tunnels from hordes of rats. By the way, it is known that the Rat Terrier was a pet of politician Theodore Roosevelt, who spent a lot of time with his pet.
  • Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz. It is estimated that in two days, this dog breed for rodent control can catch over 2000 rats and mice – any cat would be far behind in its hunting efficiency. This animal is so agile, pushy and venturesome that it can even tear out the wooden baseboards that rodents hide behind and catch every pest it sees within seconds.
  • Smooth Fox Terrier. This is one of the best breeds for rodent hunting, he is great at dealing with rodents. These dogs often participated in fights in the arena, where they always won.
  • Prague Ratter. The smallest dog in the world, which is even smaller than the Chihuahua. Nevertheless, it is also one of the best dog breeds for rodent control in the world. The animals were bred specifically to kill rodents, which in the Middle Ages posed a great threat to the cities and villages of the Czech Republic. Nowadays, dogs are distributed mainly in their homeland and also in Japan, they are very rare dogs and very expensive.
  • Lakeland Terrier. Dogs of this breed love to be in constant contact with humans, they adore children and get along great with other pets, but only if they are larger than the terrier itself. They only get along with small animals if they are used to communicating with them from birth. Lakeland Terriers are very playful and active dogs, and these days they are most often used as companions. But if you get a mouse in the house, be sure your pet will get rid of the intruder in the blink of an eye.
  • Dachshund. They are funny dogs with a long torso and short legs, which, however, does not prevent them from proving to be a great dog breed for rodent control. They are curious, active, brave and clever. They are perfect companions for families with children. Dachshunds are very fond of digging, and while walking they invariably show the instinct of stalking and the excitement of hunting, so no rodent escapes their attention.
  • Miniature Pinscher. Pinschers are the ancestors of most modern rodent hunting dog breeds. In the old days they were often used in tandem with ferrets and rat-catchers: the man searched for clusters of rodents, the ferret drove out the rats, and the Pinscher had the role of an executioner. This dog easily caught and strangled even the fastest pests.

How to choose?

All rodent hunting dog breeds have extremely high performance. In the fight against uninvited guests and pests of pantries, barns, chicken coops and pens for livestock dogs show themselves at their best. Therefore the choice between concrete breeds is done taking into consideration only your own taste and financial possibilities.

However, it should be noted that most of the rodent hunting dogs are quite rare breeds, so their cost is very high. This is often used by unscrupulous breeders who pass off one breed for another. Externally, these animals are very similar, but the cost of certain breeds because of the low prevalence can be much higher.

Before choosing a puppy, get acquainted with all the features of the breed and its appearance, and it is better to take a specialist who can confirm that the proposed pet has all the required breed characteristics. And, of course, give preference only to proven kennels with a good reputation and positive reviews.

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April 11, 2022

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